With an area about four times the size of the United Kingdom, Tanzania’s tourism industry has immense potential. Natural attractions including spectacular scenery, wildlife, historical and archaeological sites, the are unpolluted beaches, and the rich culture composing of 120 ethnic groups.
The southern and northern highlands boast a number of impressive mountain ranges, typically rising 500m to 1,000m above their surroundings. Mount Kilimanjaro and Mount Meru in the northeast are ancient volcanoes rising to 5,895m and 4,500m respectively. The Relief is characterized by Equatorial to Arctic vegetation (passing through near tropical rainforest, savannah grassland, semi-arid to arid, semi-desert, temperate, moorland, alpine desert to the permanent snows of Mt. Kilimanjaro.
The coastline is over 804km long with the nearby Islands of Unguja (also known as Zanzibar), Pemba and Mafia. The Islands offer an array of natural, cultural, historical and archeological attractions. Other natural resources are Lake Victoria, the world’s second largest lake and the source of the Nile. In the many game parks and reserves, wildlife roam about free.
The wildlife resources are among the finest in the world. They include, in the north the Serengeti plains, the Ngorongoro Crater, Mount Kilimanjaro, and Lake Manyara. In the south, the Selous Game Reserve, Mikumi, Ruaha, Gombe Stream, Mahale Mountains and Katavi national parks, and Ugalla Complex.
Other tourist attractions, include the white sandy beaches north of Dar es Salaam and around Lindi in the south, the exotic “Spice Islands” of Unguja and Pemba, and the excellent deep-sea fishing area at Mafia Island. Along the Indian Ocean coast are the remains of the ancient settlements. Tanzania also offers interesting arts and crafts, most notably the Makonde sculptures and carvings crested in ebony. More Information